Migration and Development Essays
This conference, which convened on February 28-March 1, 2008 in New York City, brought together researchers and practitioners from different disciplinary and experiential perspectives within the fields of migration and development. Researchers from each field were paired to address a series of eight issues, which had been identified in consultation with the project’s International Committee for Migration and Development Research as being of central future concern for public policy.
The following links to the subsequently-revised conference presentations reflect the different perspectives of the participants and roles in each of the conference panels.
Authors of papers were asked to discuss questions they found most pressing, assess current research knowledge and methodologies available to address them, and pose priority questions for future research. At the conference researchers and practitioners who are expert on each issue area were asked introduce and compare the points of view of each paper, and assess how these and perhaps additional approaches might together inform future research.
The revised versions of these introductions and papers of each panel complement one another in bringing different perspectives to similar and interrelated aspects of migration and development and they collectively demonstrate the value and need for interdisciplinary synthesis in identifying issues of central importance, designing future investigations, and enhancing understandings for public policy debates.
Panel 1: Reframing Migration and Development Studies
This panel focused on different theoretical approaches that have evolved within the fields of migration and development studies and how their conceptual, theoretical, and methodological differences might be made complementary in advancing understandings of how the transformative processes of migration and development are interrelated.
Relationships between Migration and Development
Panel 2: State Policies Toward Migration And Development
These papers separately address the motivations and difficulties of states, particularly India and China, in designing policies to manage unskilled, internal migration and skilled, international migration in order to promote economic development.
Panel 3: Migration, Development, and Enviroment
These papers address the relationships among migration, the environment and development. The first considers the impact that internal migration has on the environment, while the second focuses on the role of environmental factors in causing migration.
Migration and the Environment
Michael J. White
Migration, Development and Environment
Panel 4: Migration and Economic Globalization
The papers written for this panel take distinct neo-classical and historical-structural approaches to assess how globalization affects the relationship between migration and development; the introduction summarizes these perspectives briefly and provides an alternative political-economy perspective.
Introduction: Migration and Economic Globalization: Introductory Remarks
Raúl Delgado Wise
Panel 5: Migrant Politics and Development
Panel 6: Gender, Migration, and Development
This panel examines the ways in which migration’s relationship to development is shaped by gender. The paper by Rachel Murphy presents an analysis of the gendered nature of the migration process and its outcomes, with a focus on internal migration in China. Carolina Taborga’s paper focuses on the benefits of including a gendered analysis in policies aimed at increasing the benefits of migration, and particularly remittances, for development. The introduction, by Patricia Pessar, provides a critical review of gendered studies of migration, with suggestions for a future research agenda.
Introduction: Migration and Development: Gender Matters
Patricia R. Pessar
Panel 7: Families and Networks
The papers in this panel consider the ways in which migration affects families, with a particular focus on the implications of the separation of families resulting from migration. Valentina Mazzucato and Djamila Schans provide an overview of the research in a variety of disciplines dealing with how transnational family life affects different family members. Ye Jingzhong presents his research on the impact of internal migration in China on the families that migrants leave behind in rural areas. In her comments, Prema Kurien discusses her research on Indian migrants from Kerala.
Transnational Families, Children and the Migration–Development Nexus
Valentina Mazzucato and Djamila Schans
Panel 8: Migration, Urbanization, and Development
Migration, Urbanization and Development